Configuration for JWT-based Authentication and Authorization

The JWT authentication and authorization is still beta.

This page describes how to configure Opencast to enable authentication and authorization based on JSON Web Tokens (JWTs). With this feature, a login-mechanism based on the OpenID Connect (OIDC) protocol can be configured, since OIDC uses JWTs.


This guide assumes that a JWT provider is already setup and Opencast receives the JWT within an HTTP request header, or in a request parameter (i.e. a query parameter for GET-requests, and a form parameter for POST-requests). In order to integrate Opencast with an OIDC provider you could use the oauth2-proxy.

Enable Karaf Feature

The JWT authentication and authorization is disabled by default and needs to be enabled before it can be used. For this, make sure the Karaf feature opencast-security-jwt boots when starting Opencast.

For this, edit the configuration file etc/org.apache.karaf.features.cfg and add the feature:

  http-whiteboard/4.2.9, \
  opencast-admin/14.0.0, \
  opencast-security-jwt/14.0.0, \
  bundle/4.2.9, \

Make sure to specify the correct version. The version should always be identical to the one from the main Opencast feature.

Spring Security Configuration

In order to active JWT-based authentication and authorization, you will need to uncomment and adapt the following sections found in etc/security/mh_default_org.xml. Some of the options are configured with the Spring Expression Language (SpEL).

<!-- Uncomment this if using Shibboleth or JWT authentication -->
<sec:authentication-provider ref="preauthAuthProvider" />
<!-- Uncomment to enable external users e.g. used together with shibboleth or JWT -->
<osgi:reference id="userReferenceProvider" cardinality="1..1"
                interface="org.opencastproject.userdirectory.api.UserReferenceProvider" />
<!-- Uncomment the line below to support JWT. -->
<ref bean="jwtHeaderFilter" />
<!-- Additionally/alternatively uncomment this to support passing a JWT in a URL parameter. -->
<ref bean="jwtRequestParameterFilter" />
<!-- General JWT header extraction filter -->
<bean id="jwtHeaderFilter" class="">
  <!-- Name of the HTTP request header that contains the JWT (default: SM_USER) -->
  <property name="principalRequestHeader" value="Authorization"/>
  <!-- Prefix string occurring before the JWT value within the configured header (default: null) -->
  <property name="principalPrefix" value="Bearer "/>
  <property name="authenticationManager" ref="authenticationManager" />
  <property name="loginHandler" ref="jwtLoginHandler" />
  <!-- Throws an exception if a request is missing the configured header (default: true) -->
  <property name="exceptionIfHeaderMissing" value="false" />

<!-- General JWT request parameter extraction filter -->
<bean id="jwtRequestParameterFilter" class="">
  <!-- Name of the request parameter that contains the JWT (default: jwt) -->
  <property name="parameterName" value="jwt" />
  <property name="authenticationManager" ref="authenticationManager" />
  <property name="loginHandler" ref="jwtLoginHandler" />
  <!-- Throws an exception if a request is missing the configured parameter (default: true) -->
  <property name="exceptionIfParameterMissing" value="false" />
<!-- JWT login handler -->
<bean id="jwtLoginHandler" class="">
  <property name="userDetailsService" ref="userDetailsService" />
  <property name="userDirectoryService" ref="userDirectoryService" />
  <property name="securityService" ref="securityService" />
  <property name="userReferenceProvider" ref="userReferenceProvider" />
  <!-- JWKS URL to use for JWT validation (asymmetric algorithms) (default: null) -->
  <property name="jwksUrl" value="" />
  <!-- How many minutes to cache a fetched JWKS before re-fetching (default: 1440) -->
  <property name="jwksCacheExpiresIn" value="1440" />
  <!-- Secret to use for JWT validation (symmetric algorithms) (default: null) -->
  <property name="secret" value="***" /> <-- Change this
  <property name="expectedAlgorithms" ref="jwtExpectedAlgorithms" />
  <property name="claimConstraints" ref="jwtClaimConstraints" />
  <!-- Mapping used to extract the username from the JWT (default: null) -->
  <property name="usernameMapping" value="['username'].asString()" />
  <!-- Mapping used to extract the name from the JWT (default: null) -->
  <property name="nameMapping" value="['name'].asString()" />
  <!-- Mapping used to extract the email from the JWT (default: null) -->
  <property name="emailMapping" value="['email'].asString()" />
  <property name="roleMappings" ref="jwtRoleMappings" />
  <!-- JWT cache holds already validated JWTs to not always re-validate in subsequent requests -->
  <!-- Maximum number of validated JWTs to cache (default: 500) -->
  <property name="jwtCacheSize" value="500" />
  <!-- How many minutes to cache a JWT before re-validating (default: 60) -->
  <property name="jwtCacheExpiresIn" value="60" />
<!-- The signing algorithms expected for the JWT signature -->
<util:list id="jwtExpectedAlgorithms" value-type="java.lang.String">
<!-- The claim constraints that are expected to be fulfilled by the JWT -->
<util:list id="jwtClaimConstraints" value-type="java.lang.String">
  <value>['iss'].asString() eq ''</value>
  <value>['aud'].asString() eq 'client-id'</value>
  <value>['username'].asString() matches '.*@example\.org'</value>
  <value>['domain'].asString() eq ''</value>
<!-- The mapping from JWT claims to Opencast roles -->
<util:list id="jwtRoleMappings" value-type="java.lang.String">
  <value>'ROLE_JWT_USER_' + ['username'].asString()</value>
  <value>('ROLE_JWT_OWNER_' + ['username'].asString()).replaceAll("[^a-zA-Z0-9]","_").toUpperCase()</value>
  <value>['domain'] != null ? 'ROLE_JWT_ORG_' + ['domain'].asString() + '_MEMBER' : null</value>
  <value>['username'].asString() eq ('') ? 'ROLE_ADMIN' : null</value>
  <value>['affiliation'].asList(T(String)).contains('') ? 'ROLE_GROUP_JWT_TRAINER' : null</value>
<!-- Enables log out -->
<!-- <sec:logout success-handler-ref="logoutSuccessHandler" /> -->

<!-- JWT single log out -->
<sec:logout logout-success-url="" />