Prepare-AV Workflow Operation

ID: prepare-av


The prepare-av operation works is like this:

If there are two tracks with the same flavor, and one of them contains a video stream only, while the other contains an audio stream only, the implementation will call the composer's "mux" method, with the result that the audio will be muxed with the video, using the video's movie container.

If it there is one track with a certain flavor, the "encode" method is called which will rewrite (vs. encode) the file using the same container and codec (-vcodec copy, -a codec copy), while the container format is determined by FFmpeg via the file's extension. The reason for doing this is that many media files are in a poor state with regard to their compatibility (most often, the stream's codec contains differing information from the container), so we are basically asking FFmepg to rewrite the whole thing, which will in many cases eliminate problems that would otherwise occur later in the pipeline (encoding to flash, mjpeg etc.).

Parameter Table

configuration keys example description
source-flavor presenter/source Specifies which media should be processed.
target-flavor presenter/work Specifies the flavor the new files will get.
mux-encoding-profile mux-av.copy The encoding profile to use for media that needs to be muxed (default is 'mux-av.copy')
audio-video-encoding-profile av.copy The encoding profile to use for media that is audio-video already and needs to be re-encodend (default is av.copy)
video-encoding-profile video-only.copy The encoding profile to use for media that is only video and needs to be re-encodend (default is video-only.copy)
audio-encoding-profile audio-only.copy The encoding profile to use for media that is only audio and needs to be re-encodend (default is audio-only.copy)
rewrite true Should files be rewritten
audio-muxing-source-flavors presentation/source,presentation/*,*/* If there is no matching flavor to mux, search for a track with audio that can be muxed by going from left to right through this comma-separated list of source flavors

Operation Example

    description="Preparing presenter audio and video work versions">
    <configuration key="source-flavor">presenter/source</configuration>
    <configuration key="target-flavor">presenter/work</configuration>
    <configuration key="rewrite">false</configuration>
    <configuration key="audio-muxing-source-flavors">*/?,*/*</configuration>

Audio Muxing

The prepare-av operation can be used for audio muxing in case a matching source video track has no audio. Audio muxing is performed as described below:

In case the source-flavor matches to exactly two tracks whereas one track is a video-only track and the other is an audio-only track, those tracks will be merged into a single audio-video track.

If there is no such matching flavor to mux, additional audio muxing facilities can be controlled by the use of the configuration key audio-muxing-source-flavors. That configuration key contains a comma-separated list of flavors that defines the search order of how to find an audio track.

The following two wildcard characters can be used in flavors in that list:

Note: In case that a flavor used with audio-muxing-source-flavors matches to multiple tracks within the media package resulting in a list of matching tracks, the search order within that list is undefined, i.e. PrepareAVWorkflowOperation will just pick any of those tracks that has audio.


<configuration key="source-flavor">presenter/*</configuration>
<configuration key="audio-muxing-source-flavors">presenter-audio/?, presentation/?,presentation/*,?/audio,*/*</configuration>

Let's assume that exactly one video-only track of flavor presenter/source in the media package and another track of flavor audio/track that has audio.

In this example, the PrepareAVWorkflowOperation would perform the following steps:

  1. Search tracks of flavor presenter-audio/source (presenter-audio/?)
  2. Search tracks of flavor presentation/source (presentation/?)
  3. Search tracks of flavor presentation/*
  4. Search tracks of flavor presenter/audio (?/audio)
  5. Search tracks of flavor */*